We are in the midst of a fourth industrial revolution, and technology is developing faster than ever. Companies and individuals who do not keep up with certain major technology trends run the risk of being left behind. Understanding key trends will enable people and businesses to prepare and seize opportunities. As a business and technology futurist, my job is to anticipate and identify the most important trends. In this article, I share with you the seven most imminent trends that everyone should prepare for in 2020.
AI as a service
Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the most transformative technological developments of our time. As I emphasized in the book Artificial Intelligence in Practice, most companies have begun exploring how to use AI to improve the customer experience and streamline business operations. This will continue in 2020, and although people will become more accustomed to working with AI, designing and deploying our own AI-based systems will still be an expensive proposal for most businesses.
As a result, many AI applications will continue to be implemented through providers as a service platform, which allows us to simply enter our own data and pay for algorithms or computing resources that use them.
Currently, these platforms, provided by companies like Amazon, Google, and Microsoft, tend to be broad in scope and require (usually expensive) custom engineering to apply them to specific tasks that an organization may need. During 2020, we will see wider adoption, and an increasing number of providers, who may start offering applications and services tailored to specific tasks or tasks. This means that no company will leave any excuse for not using AI.
5G data network
The fifth generation mobile internet connection will provide us with super fast download and upload speeds and a more stable connection. Although 5G mobile data networks were first introduced in 2019, they are still expensive and limited to use in narrow areas or major cities. 2020 may be the year when 5G really begins to fly, with more affordable data plans and greatly improved coverage, which means that everyone can participate in it.
The ultra-fast data network not only enables us to stream movies and music with higher quality on the go. The dramatic increase in speed means that mobile networks will become more available than wired networks that enter our homes and businesses. Companies must consider the business impact of having ultra-fast and stable Internet access everywhere. The increase in bandwidth will enable machines, robots, and autonomous vehicles to collect and transmit more data than ever before, thereby driving the development of the Internet of Things (IoT) and smart machinery.
Although we have not yet reached the stage where we can routinely drive or even see self-driving cars in 2020, there is no doubt that they will continue to bring great excitement.
Tesla President Elon Musk said he hopes his company will make a truly "complete" self-driving car by this year, and that it will operate with less autonomy (such as automatic braking and replacement) The number of cars will increase. Increasingly common sight. In addition, other in-vehicle systems that are not directly related to driving (such as safety and entertainment functions) will become increasingly automated and rely more and more on data capture and analysis. Google's sister company Waymo just completed a trial of autonomous taxis in California and shipped more than 6,200 people in the first month.
Of course, it's not just the auto-truck and transportation industry that will become more autonomous, and breakthroughs in this area may continue to make headlines throughout 2020.
As autonomous driving technology matures, we will also hear more and more about the steps regulators, legislators and authorities will take. Before most of us can achieve autonomous driving, we may need to change laws, existing infrastructure, and social attitudes. During 2020, as more and more people turn to the question not "whether" but "when", we may start to see the debate surrounding autonomous driving spread outside the technical realm. reality.
Personalized and predictive medicine
Technology is transforming healthcare at an unprecedented rate. Our ability to capture data from wearable devices such as smart watches will allow us to increasingly predict and treat people's health issues even before they show any symptoms.
In terms of treatment, we will see more personalized approaches. This is also known as precision medicine, which is due to data-driven understanding of how effective it may be for a particular patient, and doctors can prescribe drugs and treat them more precisely.
Although this is not a new idea, due to recent technological breakthroughs, especially in the fields of genomics and AI, it has given us a better understanding of how different people's bodies are better or worse at resisting specific diseases, and how they How to cope may respond to different types of drugs or treatments.
Throughout 2020, we will see new applications of predictive healthcare and the introduction of more personalized and effective treatments to ensure better treatment outcomes for individual patients.
In computer terms, "vision" refers to a system capable of identifying items, places, objects or people from visual images (images collected by cameras or sensors). This technology allows your smartphone camera to identify which part of the captured image is a face and supports technologies such as Google Image Search.
With the arrival of 2020, we will see tools and technologies equipped with computer vision launched for more and more uses. This is the foundation of the way self-driving cars "see" and bypass danger. The production line will use computer vision cameras to monitor defective products or equipment failures, and security cameras will be able to alert us to any abnormal conditions without the need for 24/7 monitoring.
Computer vision can also realize face recognition, and we will hear a lot of such information in 2020. In the case of Apple's FaceID, we've seen the utility of the technology in controlling access to smartphones, and how Dubai Airports can use it to provide a smoother customer journey. However, as use cases will grow in 2020, we will also have more debate about restricting the use of this technology, which has the potential to erode privacy and achieve state control similar to "big brother."
Extended Reality (XR) is a general term covering several emerging technologies used to create more immersive digital experiences. More specifically, it refers to virtual, augmented and mixed reality. Virtual reality (VR) provides a completely digital immersive experience, and you can enter the computer-generated world with a headset that incorporates the real world. Augmented reality (AR) overlays digital objects into the real world through the screen or display of a smartphone, such as a Snapchat filter. Mixed reality (MR) is an extension of AR, which means that users can interact with digital objects placed in the real world (imagine the holographic piano performance you put into your room with AR headsets).
These technologies have been around for a few years, but are basically limited to the entertainment world-Oculus Rift and Vive headphones provide the latest technology in video games, and smartphone features such as camera filters and Pokemon Go-style games provide the most obvious AR example.
Beginning in 2020, all will change as companies gradually master the exciting possibilities offered by the two current forms of XR. Virtual and augmented reality will become increasingly common for training and simulation, as well as to provide new ways to interact with customers.
Blockchain is a technology trend I discussed extensively this year, but if you mention it among non-technical experts, you may still look blank. However, the end of 2020 will be a year of change. Blockchain is essentially a digital ledger for recording transactions, but is protected due to its encrypted and decentralized nature. During 2019, some commentators have begun to argue that the technology is being hyped up and may not be as useful as expected. However, continued investments by companies such as FedEx, IBM, Walmart, and Mastercard during 2019 are likely to start showing actual results, and if they can prove the facts, they may quickly lead to Increased adoption by small businesses.
And if things are planned, 2020 will also see the launch of Facebook's own blockchain-based cryptocurrency based on Libra, which will cause a sensation.
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