Technology-based careers will not change at the same rate, but they do evolve, and a savvy IT professional recognizes that his or her role will remain the same. 21st-century IT workers will continue to learn (this is unnecessary if not needed).
What does this mean for you? This means keeping up with the times. This means looking to the future, knowing what skills you need to know and the type of work you want to do. Here are eight technology trends you should be aware of in 2020, and some of the jobs these trends will create.
1. Artificial intelligence (AI)
In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) has attracted widespread attention, but it continues to be a trend because its impact on our lives, work, and entertainment is still in its early stages. In addition, other branches of artificial intelligence have been developed, including machine learning, which we will introduce below. Artificial intelligence refers to computer systems that mimic human intelligence and perform tasks such as image recognition, speech or pattern recognition, and decision making. Artificial intelligence can accomplish these tasks faster and more accurately than humans.
One in six Americans uses AI services every day in one form or another, including navigation apps, streaming services, smartphone personal assistants, ride-sharing apps, home personal assistants, and smart home devices. In addition to consumer use, artificial intelligence can be used to schedule trains, assess business risks, predict maintenance and improve energy efficiency, and many other money-saving tasks.
Artificial intelligence is part of what we widely call automation, and automation is a hot topic due to potential job losses. Experts say that by 2030, automation will eliminate 73 million jobs. However, automation is creating and eliminating jobs, especially in the field of AI: authorities predict that by 2020, AI jobs will reach 23 million. , Programming, testing, support and maintenance. Artificial intelligence architects are one of them. Some say it will soon compete with data scientists who need skilled professionals. To learn more about the potential jobs in AI, read about building a career in AI or why you need to get AI certification.
2. Machine learning
Machine learning is a subset of AI. With machine learning, computers can be programmed to learn to perform their unprogrammed operations: they learn by discovering patterns and insights in the data. Generally, we have two ways of learning, supervised learning and unsupervised learning.
Although machine learning is a subset of AI, we also have a subset in the field of machine learning, including neural networks, natural language processing (NLP), and deep learning. Each of these sub-categories offers an opportunity to specialize in a career area that will only grow.
Machine learning is rapidly being deployed in a variety of industries, creating a huge demand for skilled professionals. The machine learning market is expected to grow to $ 8.81 billion by 2022. Machine learning applications are used for data analysis, data mining and pattern recognition. On the consumer side, machine learning provides support for web search results, real-time advertising, and network intrusion detection, just to name a few of the many tasks it can accomplish.
In addition to performing countless tasks on our behalf, it is also creating jobs. Machine learning jobs are one of the emerging jobs on LinkedIn, with a list of nearly 2,000 jobs posted. These jobs are highly paid: the median salary of a machine learning engineer in 2017 was $ 106,225. Machine learning jobs include engineers, developers, researchers, and data scientists.
3. Robotic Process Automation or RPA
Like AI and machine learning, robotic process automation or RPA is another technology that automates work. RPA is the use of software to automate business processes, such as interpreting applications, processing transactions, processing data, and even responding to email. RPA automates repetitive tasks that people used to perform. These are not just the daunting tasks of low-paid workers: up to 45% of the activities we do can be automated, including the work of finance managers, doctors and CEOs.
Although Forrester Research estimates that RPA automation will threaten the livelihoods of 230 million or more knowledge workers (about 9% of the global workforce), RPA is still creating new jobs while changing existing jobs. McKinsey found that less than 5% of jobs can be fully automated, but about 60% can be partially automated.
4. Edge Computing
Cloud computing was once a technology trend worthy of attention and has become mainstream, with major players including AWS (Amazon Web Services), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud. As more businesses migrate to cloud solutions, cloud computing adoption is still growing. But this is no longer an emerging technology.
As the amount of data we process continues to increase, we have realized the disadvantages of cloud computing in some cases. Edge computing is designed to help solve some of these issues, bypassing the delays caused by cloud computing and getting data to the data center for processing. If it can, it can exist on the "edge", closer to where calculations are needed. As a result, edge computing can be used to process time-sensitive data at remote locations with limited or no connectivity to a centralized location. In these cases, edge computing can work like a micro data center. As the use of Internet of Things (IoT) devices increases, so will edge computing. By 2022, the global edge computing market is expected to reach $ 6.72 billion. As with any growing market, this will create a variety of jobs, primarily for software engineers.
5. Virtual reality and augmented reality
Virtual reality (VR) immerses users in the environment, and augmented reality (AR) enhances their environment. Although VR has been used primarily for gaming so far, it has also been used for training, such as VirtualShip, a simulation software used to train US Navy, Army, and Coast Guard captains. The popular Pokemon Go is an example of AR.
VR and AR have huge potential in post-injury training, entertainment, education, marketing and even rehabilitation. Like Pepsi Max's bus shelters, both methods can be used to train doctors for surgery, provide a deeper experience for museum visitors, and enhance theme parks and even marketing effectiveness.
There are major players in the VR market, such as Google, Samsung and Oculus, but a large number of startups are being formed and will recruit them, and the demand for professionals with VR and AR skills will only increase. Getting started with VR doesn't require a lot of expertise. Basic programming skills and forward thinking mindsets can find work, although other employers will also seek optics as a skill and hardware engineer.
Although most people think of blockchain technology related to cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, the security provided by the blockchain is useful in many other ways. In the simplest terms, a blockchain can be described as data that you can only add and cannot get or change from it. Therefore, the term "chain" is used because you are making a data link. The inability to change the previous block is what makes it so safe. In addition, the blockchain is consensus-driven, so no entity can control the data. With blockchain, you don't need a trusted third party to monitor or verify transactions. You can refer to our blockchain tutorial for a detailed and thorough understanding of the technology.
Multiple industries have participated in and implemented the blockchain. As the use of blockchain technology has increased, so has the demand for skilled professionals. In this regard, we have fallen behind. According to Techcrunch.com, blockchain-related jobs are the fastest growing job category, with 14 job vacancies for each blockchain developer. Blockchain developers specialize in using blockchain technology to develop and implement architectures and solutions. The average annual salary of a blockchain developer is $ 130,000. If you are interested in Blockchain and its applications and want to develop your career in this fast-growing industry, now is the right time to learn about Blockchain and prepare for a better future.
7. Internet of Things (IoT)
Now, many "things" are being built over WiFi connections, which means they can connect to the Internet and to each other. So the Internet of Things or the Internet of Things. The Internet of Things is the future and has enabled devices, home appliances, cars, and more, to connect to the Internet and exchange data over the Internet. And we are only at the beginning stage of the Internet of Things: In 2017, the number of IoT devices reached 8.4 billion, and it is expected to reach 30 billion by 2020.
As consumers, we are already using and benefiting from the Internet of Things. If we forget the oven pre-heating function at work and when we get home from work, we can lock the door remotely, while tracking our health on Fitbits and hitchhiking with Lyft. However, businesses will benefit greatly now and in the near future. The Internet of Things can provide enterprises with better security, efficiency and decision-making capabilities when collecting and analyzing data. It enables predictive maintenance, speeds up medical services, improves customer service, and delivers benefits we never expected.
8. Network Security
Given that cybersecurity has been around for some time, it doesn't seem like an emerging technology, but it is evolving like other technologies. Part of the reason is that threats are constantly emerging. Malicious hackers trying to access data illegally will not give up in the short term, and they will continue to find ways to take the strictest security measures. This is partly because new technologies are being adopted to enhance security. As long as there are hackers, we consider cybersecurity as an emerging technology because it will continue to evolve to defend against these hackers.
As a testament to the strong demand for cybersecurity professionals, cybersecurity positions are growing three times faster than other technical positions. However, we are not enough to fill these positions. Therefore, it is predicted that by 2021, we will have 3.5 million unfinished cybersecurity work.
Many cybersecurity jobs earn six digits and roles ranging from ethical hacking to security engineers to chief security officers provide a promising career path for those who want to enter and stick to this field.